Scientific Research Star Thrower Educational
Multimedia conducts research in several areas of marine and terrestrial
ecology. Primary areas include the application of GIS (geographic information systems) and
satellite remote sensing technology to the study of the distribution and
persistence of giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera) around Santa Catalina
Island; marine "no take" reserves and their design; the role of drifting kelp
(various species) in dispersing marine invertebrates, especially those that
lack pelagic larval forms; and conservation-related research on the terrestrial
ecosystems of the California Channel Islands.
Dr. Bushing's research
has been read and reviewed by a number of prominent biologists and GIS
specialists from six of the seven continents (Africa being the lone exception).
Examples of their feedback on this research are included below:
- "I can see why the GIS paper would be of general interest,
soliciting reprint reprint requests from afar. It contains a great deal of
useful information such as the influence of depth and bottom slope on
Hs [significant wave heighth]. The paper on rafting by invertebrates
via drift kelp ploughs new ground. Well done!" -- Dr. Wheeler North, California
Institute of Technology
- "When I said that your talk was unusual, I was referring to the
use of GIS in a shallow marine system such as a kelp forest-- I have never
heard someone else do this. Is yours the first such application? Your data were
convincing..." -- Dr. Mia Tegner, Scripps Institution of
- "The strength of your work is that I don't know if anyone has
ever considered the effects of hillside shading on subtidal plant communities.
I think your work is the first in this regard." -- Dr. Dan Reed, Marine Science
Institute, University of California at Santa Barbara
- "I think that you have a great talk and it is unusual in the
sense that it stands out from what else we are doing." -- Dr. Kevin Lafferty,
Dept. of Biological Sciences, University of California at Santa
- "I just reviewed your Macrocystis piece on the Catalina
Island Conservancy's web page. What a spectacular piece of work, ecologically
and graphically. Congratulations! This is the best presentation of ecological
science data I have personally seen on the web" -- Deborah Elliott-Fisk,
Director, Natural Reserve System, University of California
- Estimado Dr Bushing He leido atentamente su trabajo sobre
distribucisn y persistencia en Macrocystis pyrifera en Santa Catalina. Lo
felicito sinceramente por el gran aporte al estudio de esta alga que significa
el trabajar con sistemas de monitoreo remoto. Nosotros estamos trabajando
actualmente sobre los patrones de distribucisn de este recurso y como son
afectados por transtornos ambientales de magnitud, en este caso el presente
fenomeno El Nino 1997- 1998. En nuestro pams existe muy poca informacion acerca
de esta especie, contando tan solo, con estudios basicamente de caracter
taxonomico por lo que le agradeceriamos infinitamente si pudiera enviarnos toda
la informacion que le fuera posible sobre este tema, asi como tambien sus
invalorables opiniones y sugerencias derivadas de su experiencia.
Agradeciendole anticipadamente - Blgo. Miguel Lleellish J. Direccion de
Estudios taxonomicos y Evaluacion de Recursos Potencialess Instituto del Mar
del Peru Esquina. Gamarra y Gral. Valle s/n. Chucuito- Callao
- Cordial saludo Soy Alvaro Hernandez investigador de l
Universidad nacional de Colombia y estoy adelantando un trabajo de
caracterizacion morfologica de 4 especies de lupinus (albus, mutabilis, luteus
y angustifolius). Quisiera saber si ustedes pueden enviarme información
reciente sobre este tema o en general sobre las investigaciones ultimas
realizadas con el lupinus. Thank you very much!
- "I saw your lecture at the DEP [invited speaker at the State of
Florida's Department of Environmental Protection] Workshop, and I have to say
it was amongst my favorites. We were simply amazed at the fact that you seemed
to use almost every possible means of GIS to do your study. That is great. We
really enjoyed seeing all the outputs." -- Holli Brandt, Florida Division of
- "... congratulate the author on an extraordinary paper. It is
well organized, informative and a pleasure to read." -- Mike Livingstone,
Environmental Systems Research Institute, 1995 ESRI User Conference coordinator
- "I read your conference paper on ESRI's home page. I was very
impressed, and it was clearly one of the best papers I've seen. I was intrigued
by the analysis and thought the illustration about the storm effects on the
Channel Islands was interesting." -- Michael Zeiler, Environmental Systems
Research Institute, author of Using GIS the ARC/Info Way
For examples of this research, please select one of the
following published papers:
- COMPLETE LIST OF
PUBLICATIONS AND PRESENTATIONS
- GIANT KELP (Macrocystis
pyrifera): GENERAL BIOLOGY
- GIANT KELP (Macrocystis pyrifera): DISTRIBUTION AND
PERSISTENCE, GIS AND REMOTE SENSING
- Bushing, W. W., 1995.
Identifying regions of persistent giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera) around
Santa Catalina Island for designation as marine reserves. Proc. 15th ESRI User
Conference, Palm Springs, CA, May 21-26, 1995.
- Bushing, W. W., 1996. The
influence of island topography on the nearshore light regime and the
distribution of giant kelp around Santa Catalina Island. Proc. 16th ESRI User
Conference, Palm Springs, CA, May 19-24, 1996.
- Bushing, W. W., 1997.
GIS-based gap analysis of an existing marine reserve network around Santa
Catalina Island. International Journal of Marine Geodesy 20(2-3):205-234
- Bushing, W. W.,
2000. Monitoring the persistence of giant kelp around Santa Catalina Island
using a geographic information system. In Proceedings of the Fourth California
Islands Symposium: Update on the Status of Resources, March 29- April 1, 1999.
OCS Study MMS 99-0038. Minerals Management Service (Camarillo, CA). pp.
- DRIFT KELP DISPERSAL OF MARINE INVERTEBRATES:
- MARINE RESERVE DESIGN
- CONSERVATION AND TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS
- Bushing, W. W., J. N.
Takara and H. Saldana, 1997. Integration of GPS locational data in a GIS to
manage native plants, and control non-native invasive plants, on Santa Catalina
Island. Proc. 17th ESRI User Conference, San Diego, CA, July 7-11, 1997.
- Bushing, W. W., J. Fellows,
R. N. Kopolow and P. T. Schuyler, 1998. Conservation and Roads: A Two-Way
Street. Proc. 18th ESRI User Conference, San Diego, CA, July 27-31, 1998
L. A. K., M. Ruocco, K. Martella and W. W. Bushing, 2000. Watershed analysis
for runoff and erosion potential on Santa Catalina, Santa Cruz, and Santa Rosa
Islands. In Proceedings of the Fourth California Islands Symposium: Update on
the Status of Resources, March 29- April 1, 1999. OCS Study MMS 99-0038.
Minerals Management Service (Camarillo, CA). pp. 461-68.